The Origins of Putussibau

Image       According to folklore that development in Putussibau the origin of names Putusibau comes from the combination the words “Putus” (cut) and “Sibau” (the name of the river that divides the Putusibau city). Sibau river given like that because the area on the both sides of the river that through Subau river there are many Sibau trees, the fruit like rambutan fruit. Besides Sibau river, Putusibau also fed Kapuas river that is the longest river in Indonesia. Kapuas River that passes Putusibau city has been cut off Sibau river so called Putussibau.

        According folklore the other version, that the names of Putusibau comes from the word “Sibau” is a type of three/wood that the fruits like rambutan fruit. The leaves can be used to coloring the mat. Formerly there was a sibau tree that grew on the edge of the river. The sibau tree fallen and blocking the flow of the rivers, and from the eventthe local people called it by the name “Putussibau.

 

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Written by : Win Endriati

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History of Pontianak

        Pontianak is the capital city of West Borneo in Indonesia . The city is also known as( Pinyin : Kūndiān ) by Chinese in Pontianak . The city is known as the Equator city because it’s located on transversal zero degrees of the earth . In the north of the city , in Siantan , there is Equator monument that was built in the space tranversal zero degrees of the earth . In addition , the city of Pontianak also passed the Kapuas River , the longest river in Indonesia, and the Landak River . Kapuas River and Landak River which divides the city symbolized in the logo of the Pontianak city.
        Pontianak name derived from the Malay language was believed that have cojungtion with the story of Syarif Abdurrahman that was often plagued by ghost Kuntilanak when he fringed the Kapuas River . According to the story,Syarif Abdurrahman forced to open fire cannons to expel the ghosts while indicating where the cannon fall , then he built his empire there .Then he developed the area into a prosperous trading center , and Pontianak stand .The cannon ball crashed near the junction of Kapuas River and Landak River,which is now known as Kampung Beting.The history of the Pontianak city was written by a Dutch historian , VJ . Verth , in his book ‘Cambodgien Borneos Wester ‘, that the content is slightly different from the version of the story that is circulating in the society today.

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*THE KINGDOM OF PONTIANAK

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History of Sanggau

Sanggau is a name of a district in West Borneo which is located not so far from the city of Pontianak . Before turning into the district, in Sanggau,there was a malay kingdom that had been there since the 4th century. The name of ” Sanggau ” came from the name of a plant that growed on the side of the river where the kingdom was built , namely Sekayam river . In the book ‘History of Customary Law and Customs of West Kalimantan’ written by JU Lontan,mentioned that the river of Sekayam was a place where the group that led by Dara Nante got off.Dara Nante was a woman from Sukadana Kingdom, Ketapang ,that searched for her husband who called Baba Cinga ( JU Lontaan , 1975:70 ).But there are also opinions that believed that the name ” Sanggau ” was taken from the name of Dayak Sanggau , a clan of the Dayak who became the origin clan of Baba Cinga.
The Descendants of Sanggau Kingdom now believe that the kingdom of their ancestors was first established on 7 April 1310,when Dara Nante crowned as the first king of the Kingdom Sanggau . Because of that,on the 26th July 2009 ,the representatives of the three ethnic contained in Sanggau namely Malay,Dayak and Chinese , agreed that every April 7th is celebrated as the anniversary of Sanggau City, although this is only the declaration and not as a government decree . While the efforts to obtain the inauguration of the government is still championed until now.

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Kadariah Kingdom of Pontianak

        Kadariah kingdom of Pontianak was a malay kingdom that built on Wednesday,October 23th 1771 at the mouth of Kapuas River by the king Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadrie,the son of the scholar of Arab Hadarmaut descent from Mempawah kingdom.The establishing of this kingdom was signed by clearing the forest in the river intersection of Landak,Kapuas Kecil,and Kapuas Besar to build a hall and houses.He did two political marriages in Borneo,first with a princess from Mempawah kingdom and the second with a princess of Banjar kingdom,Ratu Syarif Abdul Rahman,the doughter of the king Tamjidillah I.
        In 1778,Syarif Abdurrahman was declared as the king of Pontianak .He got a ratification as Pontianak king from Dutch in 1779.The central of reign was signed by the establishing of Jami mosque of Pontianak.Now,Kadariah kingdom is located in Bugis village,the subdistrict of East Pontianak,in Pontianak.

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The Origin of Nanga Pinoh (Melawi)

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        Melawi District with the Capital is Nanga Pinoh is one of the districts in West Borneo. Based on the story of Elders at Sayan region and surrounding areas , the anciently was the named of the Pinoh River was “Sungai Penuh” (fulled with timber ), in the story that the ancient frequent wars between the Kingdom of Hulu (region Sokan, Kota Baru) and now became the District of Tanah Pinoh and Nanga Sayan, with Kingdom of Hilir ( Nanga Pinoh and Sintang ).

        The King of Hulu region commanded all soldiers and its people to cut down all the trees near the river with the goal of river became fulled of wood, so the troops of Hilir region can not attacked to Hulu region. After that the soldiers and the people around the river called the river with the name “Sungai Penuh”. And for now because development of the times, the named of “Sungai Penuh” became “Nanga Pinoh”.

 

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Written by : Win Endriati

The Origin Establishment the Kingdom of Sintang

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        The origin establishment the Kingdom of Sintang from the arrivals of a spreader Hindu religion from Semenanjung Malaka ( some say originated from Java ) named Aji Melayu. He came to Nanga Sepauk area ( approximately 50 km from Sintang city) in the 4th century and established a new settlement at that place. Evidences Aji Melayu arrivals can be seen from archaeological finds in the image Putung Kempat or the local people called “Kelebut Batu Aji Melayu “. Putung Kempat was a wife from Aji Malayu. In this area also found a stone like bull and grave of Aji Melayu.
        The establishment of the Kingdom of Sintang done by Demong Irawan, was a ninth descent from Aji Malay, in the 13th century. Demong Irawan established the palace in that area, between the confluence of the River Melawi and Kapuas River. Originally this area was given the name “Senetang” and then the named changes became “Sintang”. As the symbol establishment of a Kingdom, Demong Irawan that wears the title of Irawan Jubair planted a stone that resembles a gourd fruit. Now the stone was in the courtyard Palace of Sintang by the local people was believed that the stone had miraculous power.

 

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Written by : Win  Endriati

The Kingdom of Landak

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        The history of the establishment Kingdom of Landak began with someone named Raden Kusuma Indra Sumantri Ningrat that suffered from an illness that not cured, he was exiled to Borneo by his family. In exile in Borneo, he did cruise a round-trip to seven times so that he is well known as the “Pulang Pali” .
        After he stayed at the edge of Mandor river, Raden Kusuma Sumantri Indra Patrician established a Kingdom named Angrat Batur and raised himself as a king with the title of “Raja Pulang Pali” . Regarding naming Kingdom that established by Pulang Pali , Angrat Batur or Nigrat Batur. Regarding the named of Ningrat Batur, originally derived from the word of “nigrat stone” that was the name of a region in which Pulang Pali stayed at the edge of Mandor river that contained many stones and Pulang Pali was a generation of gentility, so that the area which stayed by Pulang Pali was called Batu Ningrat and if behind the named became Ningrat Batur. Then the Kingdom of Angrat Batur or Batu Ningrat was renamed the Kingdom of Landak after the Kingdom was transferred to the edge of the Landak river. The name was predicted from named of Landak river was located near with Kingdom of Landak.

 

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Written by : Win Endriati