Kadariah Kingdom of Pontianak

        Kadariah kingdom of Pontianak was a malay kingdom that built on Wednesday,October 23th 1771 at the mouth of Kapuas River by the king Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadrie,the son of the scholar of Arab Hadarmaut descent from Mempawah kingdom.The establishing of this kingdom was signed by clearing the forest in the river intersection of Landak,Kapuas Kecil,and Kapuas Besar to build a hall and houses.He did two political marriages in Borneo,first with a princess from Mempawah kingdom and the second with a princess of Banjar kingdom,Ratu Syarif Abdul Rahman,the doughter of the king Tamjidillah I.
        In 1778,Syarif Abdurrahman was declared as the king of Pontianak .He got a ratification as Pontianak king from Dutch in 1779.The central of reign was signed by the establishing of Jami mosque of Pontianak.Now,Kadariah kingdom is located in Bugis village,the subdistrict of East Pontianak,in Pontianak.

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The Origin of Nanga Pinoh (Melawi)

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        Melawi District with the Capital is Nanga Pinoh is one of the districts in West Borneo. Based on the story of Elders at Sayan region and surrounding areas , the anciently was the named of the Pinoh River was “Sungai Penuh” (fulled with timber ), in the story that the ancient frequent wars between the Kingdom of Hulu (region Sokan, Kota Baru) and now became the District of Tanah Pinoh and Nanga Sayan, with Kingdom of Hilir ( Nanga Pinoh and Sintang ).

        The King of Hulu region commanded all soldiers and its people to cut down all the trees near the river with the goal of river became fulled of wood, so the troops of Hilir region can not attacked to Hulu region. After that the soldiers and the people around the river called the river with the name “Sungai Penuh”. And for now because development of the times, the named of “Sungai Penuh” became “Nanga Pinoh”.

 

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Written by : Win Endriati

The Origin Establishment the Kingdom of Sintang

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        The origin establishment the Kingdom of Sintang from the arrivals of a spreader Hindu religion from Semenanjung Malaka ( some say originated from Java ) named Aji Melayu. He came to Nanga Sepauk area ( approximately 50 km from Sintang city) in the 4th century and established a new settlement at that place. Evidences Aji Melayu arrivals can be seen from archaeological finds in the image Putung Kempat or the local people called “Kelebut Batu Aji Melayu “. Putung Kempat was a wife from Aji Malayu. In this area also found a stone like bull and grave of Aji Melayu.
        The establishment of the Kingdom of Sintang done by Demong Irawan, was a ninth descent from Aji Malay, in the 13th century. Demong Irawan established the palace in that area, between the confluence of the River Melawi and Kapuas River. Originally this area was given the name “Senetang” and then the named changes became “Sintang”. As the symbol establishment of a Kingdom, Demong Irawan that wears the title of Irawan Jubair planted a stone that resembles a gourd fruit. Now the stone was in the courtyard Palace of Sintang by the local people was believed that the stone had miraculous power.

 

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Written by : Win  Endriati

The Kingdom of Landak

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        The history of the establishment Kingdom of Landak began with someone named Raden Kusuma Indra Sumantri Ningrat that suffered from an illness that not cured, he was exiled to Borneo by his family. In exile in Borneo, he did cruise a round-trip to seven times so that he is well known as the “Pulang Pali” .
        After he stayed at the edge of Mandor river, Raden Kusuma Sumantri Indra Patrician established a Kingdom named Angrat Batur and raised himself as a king with the title of “Raja Pulang Pali” . Regarding naming Kingdom that established by Pulang Pali , Angrat Batur or Nigrat Batur. Regarding the named of Ningrat Batur, originally derived from the word of “nigrat stone” that was the name of a region in which Pulang Pali stayed at the edge of Mandor river that contained many stones and Pulang Pali was a generation of gentility, so that the area which stayed by Pulang Pali was called Batu Ningrat and if behind the named became Ningrat Batur. Then the Kingdom of Angrat Batur or Batu Ningrat was renamed the Kingdom of Landak after the Kingdom was transferred to the edge of the Landak river. The name was predicted from named of Landak river was located near with Kingdom of Landak.

 

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Written by : Win Endriati

The Kingdom of Mempawah

        Mempawah kingdom was from a Dayak kingdom that located near Sidiniang mountain, Sangking , Mempawah Hulu which stands roughly in 1340.The Kingdom that was led by Patih Gumantar was touted as a fraction of Matan kingdom (Tanjungpura).It was very popular in his reign.The kingdom should end in 1400 when the king Gumantar was died because of the Biaju(Miaju) tribal attack.
        Around 1610 this kingdom rose again under the leadership of the King Kodong. Dayak kingdom ‘s administrative center was located in Pekana,Karangan. After King Kodong died,in 1680 he was replaced by the King Senggauk / Sengkuwuk.Putri kesumba, granddoughter of King Senggauk from the descent of Muhammad Zainudin later married Opu Daeng Menambon that called Mas Surya Negara from Luwuk kingdom that lived in Tanjungpura kingdom.Then,he appointed as a king.He moved the center of the kingdom to Rama hill area.In 1766,after the death of Opu Daeng Menambon,the crown prince Adiwijaya Kesuma Jaya became a king.Adiwijaya famous of anti- colonialism and had resistance to dutch in Galaherang,the hill of Rama and Sangking.
        In 1840 the leadership was submitted to the Crown Prince Gusti Jati.When the leadership of Gusti Jati,the attack of the king Kasim from Pontianak kingdom happened and coused Gusti Jati went back to the old kingdom,although the king Kasim were driven backwards to Pontianak.In 1831 the Dutch seized the opportunity to convert Gusti Amin set the leadership.The next kings also became a Dutch doll.After King Gusti Muhammad Thaufiq Accamuddin was arrested by Japanese in 1944,Japanese raised the king Gusti Mustaan as a vice of kingdom because the crown prince was too young .The oldest crown prince,Drs Jimmy Abraham did not continued the leadership because of the elimination of the autonomous government in Indonesia.

 

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History of Kubu Raya

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        Kingdom of Kubu used as the name of Kubu Raya regency was a kingdom in the region of West Borneo. Kingdom of Kubu was a royal Islamic government territory now included in the administrative area of Kubu Raya regency, West Borneo Province, Indonesia. The data were found to mention, the origin of the establishment of the Kingdom of Kubu was due to the initiative of the Arabs who came from Hadramaut (South Yemen), roughly in 1720 Christian, or more precisely on the 17th of Ramadan 1144 in the Islamic calendar (Hijri). Thus, the origin of the Sultanate of Kubu exactly with the history of the Sultanate of Pontianak and equally into the Arab Islamic government based in the Malay world, especially those found in the province of West Borneo.
        Kingdom of Kubu history began with the arrival of a group of people who came from a place called Ar – Ridha located in the city of Trim, Hadramaut , or now it is named South Yemen . The group came to West Kalimantan approximately in 1720 Christian that amounts to approximately 45 people. People – Muslims that came from Hadramaut was intended to broadcast to the Islamic religion across countries.

 

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Written by : Win Endriati

History of Bengkayang

        For the people of West Borneo,Bengkayang is a word often heard and pronounced, because Bengkayang has existed since the era of Sambas kingdom and the government of Dutch East Indies.In addition,Bengkayang is one of regencies in West Borneo province,which was formed in 1999.
        Originally Bengkayang was a village,part of the kingdom of Sambas.The first person who pioneered and paved the way to Bengkayang was Jerendeng Abdurahman,Manadonese .Bengkayang village was a haven of merchants and gold miners from Singkawang and Monterado. The miners and merchants mostly come from China,after they went to Monterado,they continued their wandering to Bengkayang.The gold miners of Monterado often took a rest in Singkawang to released their fatigue.Bengkayang was also as a place to farm some plants,such as rice,rubber trees and some vegetables because the Chinese that came to West Borneo beside they were good at working in gold mine,they also good at agriculture.
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